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The Most Common Ways to Treat Knee Arthritis

The unpleasant symptoms of knee arthritis are often life-altering. A person’s ability to function on a day to day basis can be severely limited by:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Weakness
  • Stiffness

While arthritis can’t be cured, the above-mentioned symptoms can be relieved and treated. The most common ways are:

Lifestyle changes

  1. Diet
  • Weight loss due to an improved diet takes a tremendous amount of stress off the knee. For every pound of weight loss, the knee feels 4 less pounds of pressure.
  1. Physical activity
  • Participating in non-impact or even light impact physical activity strengthens the muscles that support the knee.
  1. Physical aids
  • Orthopedic boots, shoes, canes, walkers, and braces are used to take the weight of the knee, pressure of the jointand improve mobility.
  1. Physical therapy (PT)
  • PT uses strengthening and stretching exercises to reduce symptoms and improve mobility and quality of life.In addition, PT can help with knee stability, improving pain.

 

Medications

  1. Over-the-counter oral medication(OTC) pain relievers
  • Acetaminophen is the most commonly used pain reliever and, in many cases, the first medication used to treat knee arthritis.
  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
  • NSAIDS decrease pain and inflammation. They’re available in OTC and prescription forms. The most common are ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), and prescription only (Celebrex and Mobic).
  1. Corticosteroid injections
  • Corticosteroids are a powerful anti-inflammatory agent that are injected into the knee. They are often a first line intervention for reducing pain and swelling associated with arthritis.
  1. Viscosupplementation

These injections are used to help lubricated a knee joint and potentially halp in healing injured cartilage. It is a specially made compound similar to that of cartilgage.

  1. PRP (platelet rich plasma)

In recent years, PRP has gained significant traction in treating arthritic pain, mostly for its regenerative potential in degenerative conditions.

 

Surgical Options

  1. Arthroscopic knee surgery
  • This type of surgery is used to treat soft tissue that’s been damaged due to arthritis. The two most common procedures performed are meniscal repair and meniscal debridement.
  1. Total knee replacement surgery
  • Severe knee arthritis is treated by removing affected bone and then replacing it with metal and other alloy components. The quality of life dramatically improves following a total knee replacement, with most people returning to activities they enjoyed before being affected with knee pain.

Which treatment option is right for you is best determined by an orthopedic specialist. Even though they can’t cure arthritis, they can manage it to the point where you live with little to no pain. Making an appointment is easier than ever. When you’re ready, please give us a call.


At The Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine (OSM) Center we utilize the collective skills of our exceptional providers to deliver the most complete musculoskeletal care available. From your first appointment, you are cared for by a team specifically built based on the best treatment for your condition. If surgery is necessary, you will be paired with an OSM surgeon who has the expertise and experience in your specific condition. Our surgeons use the latest minimally invasive techniques where appropriate to ensure fast recovery.  Contact us today to schedule a consult.